How do I add a new plug socket?Isolate the circuit. Use a socket tester to double check that it’s dead. …Remove the knockout in the new surface mounting box and pass the cables through. Then mark the fixing holes on the wall in pencil. …Screw the new box in place and then connect the cables to the terminals following step 3 above. …Safety first.
What size of cable do you use for wiring sockets?
You will find twin core and earth cabling used all over your home in a variety of sizes. 2.5mm is commonly used for behind sockets, while 1-1.5mm is most often used for lights (depending on how many lights you have in a circuit).
How do you wire a three prong plug?
Three-prong plugs have a hot wire, a neutral wire and a ground wire. When replacing a three-prong plug, connect the black wire in the cord to the brass terminal screw, the white wire to the chrome terminal and the green or bare wire, which is the ground wire, to the green ground screw in the plug.
Can I wire a light off a plug socket?
Graham. But you most certainly can not wire the light flex straight into the back of a plug socket! When you say the plug supplied with the light, do you mean a standard 13A plug or a lighting-style plug (round pins)? It would be safe to use a 13A plug with a 3A fuse.
How to install a plug socket outlet?
Part 1 Part 1 of 3: Placing and Drilling the Holes Download ArticleFind an indoor receptacle to connect to on the wall where you want the exterior outlet. …Turn off the power at the circuit box for the outlet that you’re connecting to. …Remove the outlet from the wall to access the box behind it. …Drill straight through the back of the outlet box and siding. …Feed a 12/2 cable through the hole in your outlet box. …
How to properly earth a metal switch?
This is achieved by connecting the fixed earth wire to the earth terminal on the socket or switch and then connecting a short length of wire from this terminal to the earth terminal in the wall box. Use appropriate green/yellow sleeving if required.
When using multicoloured (stranded) cables, make sure that after the terminals have been tightened, no?
When using multicoloured (stranded) cables make sure that after the terminals have been tightened, no stray strands are left outside the terminals. If necessary, trim and strip the cable to suit. Important: Metal decorative sockets and switches must be correctly earthed.
How many cables are in a radial circuit?
For a radial Circuit or spur off a ring main there will only be one cable.
Where do you put a plastic gasket on a switch?
For sockets and switches supplied with a clear plastic gasket, position it between the wall and the accessory. This gasket must therefore be placed over the wires before they are connected to the accessory.
Do metal plate sockets need to be earthed?
Metal plate sockets and switches must be correctly earthed.
How to fix a socket box?
Hold the socket box in place, mark the fixing positions, and drill and plug the holes. Cut a channel for the cable before attaching the box. Then isolate the circuit and make the final connections. Finish off by fitting the faceplate and using a socket tester to check the wiring is correct.
How to isolate a dead socket?
First, you’ll need to isolate the circuit. Use a socket tester to double-check that it’s dead, then unscrew the faceplate and disconnect the cables from the terminals of the single socket mounting box. Run green/yellow sleeving over the earth core if you find it’s exposed.
How to connect plasterboard to faceplate?
Push in or turn the securing lugs so they grip the rear face of the plasterboard firmly. Then connect the wires and fit the faceplate. Finally, check your socket is correctly wired using a socket tester.
How to connect a new faceplate to a live core?
Connect the live core or cores to the live terminal (L) of the new faceplate, the neutral to the neutral terminal (N) and the earth to the earth terminal (E or (Earth symbol)). Fully tighten the terminal screws, and fit the new faceplate. If the new screws don’t fit the lugs of the old box, just re-use the original screws. Finally, use the socket tester to check you’ve wired everything correctly.
How to check if a circuit is dead?
Check the circuit is dead with a socket tester or voltage tester/meter for lighting circuits.
What to do if cable won’t reach socket?
If the cable won’t reach the terminals of the new socket without straining, don’t pull it. Use a specially designed crimp or terminal block to attach a new short length of cable. But only do this if there’s room for it inside the mounting box – all wiring connections must be accessible, not buried in the wall behind.
What do you need to know before adding a socket to an electric circuit?
Before adding a socket to your electric circuit, you must ensure that it will be compliant with IEE electrical regulations, and establish whether the circuit will require RCD protection.
What is a USB plug socket?
Do you often find yourself searching the house for a USB adaptor plug? Or maybe you have to unplug other chargers or your bedside lamp to charge your phone at night… You may even have charger wars going on with your partner or children! If this is you, a USB plug socket or two could be a game-changer in your household.
Why does my socket get scorched?
A scorched socket is often caused by overloading or a loose connection in a plug. Don’t plug any appliances back in without solving this problem first or it will happen again.
How to remove a fuse from a mini circuit breaker?
Open the cover and you will see a row of fuses or Micro Circuit Breakers. Select the correct fuse and switch it to the ‘off’ position. Select the current fuse or circuit breaker either remove the fuse or turn the mini circuit breaker to the off position.
How to test a new socket?
Step 1: Test for hidden pipes and electrical cables with your pipe and cable detector. Step 2: If the coast is clear, isolate the relevant circuit at your fuse box and safe isolation to make sure the circuit is dead (triple-check this). Step 3: Get your new socket’s mounting box, a pencil and your spirit level ready.
What should I do if I removed a fuse?
If you have removed a fuse keep this on your person, if you put the switch of the mini circuit breaker into the off position this should be locked off in the off position, to prevent it from being accidentally turned back on
How to check if a wall has studs?
If you don’t have a stud detector, tap the wall gently with a hammer handle and listen for the hollow sound to change when you tap over the framework. Step 2: Now check the area is free of hidden pipes or cables with your pipe and cable detector.
Why is it important to remember that electrical work should be carried out by a skilled electrician?
It’s important to remember that any electrical work should be carried out by a skilled electrician, who has the right level of training and experience. By ensuring that the right risk assessments are carried out hazards can be avoided and work can be completed as safely as possible.
How to disconnect cable from single socket box?
Unscrew the faceplate and disconnect the cables from the terminals of the single socket mounting box.
How to remove a screw from a socket?
Begin by using a screwdriver to remove the screws holding the socket faceplate in place. Gently pull the faceplate until the wires are revealed , enabling access to the inside of the socket. Now make a note of the wiring inside the existing socket.
Why is it important to learn how to wire a plug socket?
We depend on electricity in our homes to such an extent that it’s hard to have enough sockets to go around and avoid overloading them. Lighting, heating, entertainment and even kitchen products require electricity to work and most electrical items will need to be plugged into a socket. That is why learning how to wire a plug socket is such a useful skill.
How to connect a spur socket to a main circuit?
Begin by installing the spur socket and running a length of 2.5 mm² two-core-and-earth cable back to the point where it will be connected to the main circuit cable. Please note, the junction box should have the same amperage as the circuit.
What color wires are used for plug sockets?
The colours of your wires will be: Brown (red if old wiring): indicated by ‘L’ (Live) on your socket.
How many spurs can you use from an existing socket?
Before commencing, please note that building regulations state that you are only allowed one spur from an existing socket, so check that the socket you are planning to spur off is suitable prior to starting work.
What does "like for like work" mean?
Like for like work. E.g. changing the accessories or fittings to an existing socket/plug.
How do you know if your house needs to be rewired?
There were only two plug sockets in my living room, and I lost all power at one point. Seriously, I plugged in my wallpaper stripper and lost electricity in the rest of my home. The decision for you may not be obvious though.
How Many Plug/Wall Sockets Should I have Per Room?
There is no restriction on the number of plug/wall sockets that you can have in a particular room. You are limited to the length of each circuit which is 100m2 for any given room.
How Many Sockets Should a Kitchen Have?
Any electrical cookers or ovens should be wired directly into your fusebox. You will however need separate cooker and oven switches.
What type of plug socket should I buy? Are they all the same size?
In my experience, plug sockets are generally the same size, but choosing whether you buy falt plug socket plates or moulded ones that stickout slightly depend on whther your plugs can sit flush in your wall. This will depend on the quality of theplastering and how well the electrician fitted the back panel of the plug socket.
Are USB sockets any good?
Everything is charged by USB nowadays. In fact, I find that I have tobuy seperate plug adapters for most things, including my phone just to charge it.
Why is it important to understand how your home is supplied with electricity?
Firstly it will help you to understand conversations that you are having with your electrician and secondly, it will help you to make decisions around the configuration of your plug sockets and light switches too.
How to know if a fuse box is working?
Understanding Your Fuse Box 1 The Main Switch: The main switch, as you probably will have guessed it allows you to switch off your entire home’s electrical supply. You may need it if your changing plug sockets by hand for example. 2 Circuit Breakers: Circuit breaks cover the individual circuits you will have in your house. If you’re looking at it for the first time, you can use it as a guide to see how many circuits you have in your home. If electrics are not working in a region of your house, you can try and identify where the fault is looking at this.
What is a two socket outlet?
A US two-socket outlet generally has a metal tab connecting the two live terminals, and another for the two neutrals. If there is only one wire of a given type in your wall, you can attach it to either terminal to power both sockets. A GFCI (RSD) outlet has two sets of terminals.
How to remove wires from a socket?
Remove the old socket. Once you are certain the power is off, unscrew the faceplate of the old socket and pull it out from the wall box. To detach the wires from the socket, unscrew the terminals just enough that you can slip the wire loop off of them.
What is a GFCI outlet?
At minimum, you’ll need an outlet that includes a GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter), also called a RCD (residual-current device).
What to do if your outlet is not working?
Most outlets have small plastic ledges for you to tuck the wires under to secure them in place. If this isn’t working well, double-check the wire stripping: The wire in contact with the terminal should be completely bare. If insulation is touching the terminal, strip it off.
How to strip wires to prevent nicking?
You can do this using a wire stripper or a utility knife. Take care to avoid nicking the metal of the wire, which can cause electrical faults later. Err on the side of under-stripping so you can correct later.
How to split a PVC jacket?
If the three wires are enclosed in one PVC jacket, find the end of the bare copper ground wire. Grab this with needle-nose pliers and tug down to split open the seam of the jacket to access the other wires.
How many terminals are needed for a modern outlet?
Identify the live, neutral, and ground terminals of the socket. A standard modern outlet for household use should have three terminals for connecting the appropriate wires.
How Much Does Installing a New Plug Socket Cost?
The humble plug socket has undergone many changes over the past few decades, with newer styles incorporating things like USB outlets and wooden finishes.
Can I Install New Plug Sockets Myself?
Working with electricity is always tricky. If you don’t know how to correctly isolate the flow of electricity, and wire up connections correctly, it could spell disaster for you as the installer or as the unlucky person who is the first to try to use it.
Where Can I Install a Plug Socket?
Of course, you tend to find plug sockets in the same places almost everywhere you go. The classic areas are low in the corners of rooms, where people tend to place side tables and television units.
What is black nickel?
Black nickel is a relatively new material to the plug socket world. Still, they have become extremely popular as more people are turning to a darker décor full of contrasting colours and greys.
How much does a black nickel plug cost?
Black nickel plug sockets have become very popular, but they are one of the most expensive plug sockets you can buy at £20-£30. They are visually stunning and perfect if you want to add a but of luxury.
How many people are needed to install a plug socket?
The labour costs for installing a plug socket is a little lower than with other jobs, mainly due to the fact only one person is needed to attend the job, whereas other jobs require two or three people.
What does a voltage meter tell you?
An electrician will use multiple tools to decipher the problem with a socket, but mainly a voltage meter will tell you whether the socket is live and working.
How to check if a single socket is dead?
Isolate the circuit. Use a socket tester to double check that it’s dead. Unscrew the faceplate and disconnect the cables from the terminals of the single socket mounting box. Run green / yellow sleeving over the earth core if you find it bare.
Why is my socket scalding?
Replacing a damaged socket. A socket can become damaged for a number of reasons: a blow can break the faceplate or overheating may cause scorching. If the problem is scorching, it will usually have been caused by overloading the socket, or by loose connections in a plug.
What to do if new screws don’t fit?
If the new screws don’t fit the old box, use the original screws. Use the socket tester to check it’s correctly wired . Although you can increase the number of sockets in a room by converting single sockets to doubles, there may be times where you need an extra socket where none exist already.
How to check if a circuit is dead?
Check the circuit is dead with a socket tester or voltage tester / meter for lighting circuits.
How to prevent electrical work?
Never take risks with electrical safety. Before you start any type of electrical work, follow these safety precautions: 1 Switch off the main power at the consumer unit / fuse box. Isolate the circuit you plan to work on by removing the circuit fuse. Put this in your pocket to avoid losing it. 2 Or switch off the breaker and lock it if you can – put a note on the unit to advise you’re working on the circuit. 3 Check the circuit is dead with a socket tester or voltage tester / meter for lighting circuits.
What is intelligent multi socket adapter?
An intelligent multi-socket adapter has one main and several supporting sockets. When the adapter detects that the appliance plugged into the main socket has been switched off, it automatically switches off the supporting sockets too – which will save you energy. The secondary sockets switch back on as soon as you switch on the master appliance.
How to attach a new cable to a socket?
If the cable isn’t long enough to reach the terminals of the new socket without straining, don’t be tempted to pull it. Use a specially designed crimp or terminal block to attach a new short length of cable. But only do this if there’s enough room for it inside the mounting box; all wiring connections must be accessible, not buried in the wall behind.