How do you put on a compression fitting?Clean the end of the copper plumbing pipe. …Attach the compression nut and slide the ring onto the copper plumbing pipe. …Slide the nut and the ring toward the compression fitting. …Tighten the nut onto the fitting.
What do you need to know about compression fittings?
The Basics of Compression FittingsIntroduction to Compression Fittings. Compression fittings are one of the most common and versatile methods of connecting metal or hard plastic tubing.Ferrules. …Tubing. …Installation. …Application Considerations. …Conclusion. …
How to measure compression socks for Best Fit?
Use a non-toxic marker to place a mark on your ankle,thigh,or calf.Measure from the marked point on your leg and jot down the measurement.Measure the circumference of the thinnest point of your ankle. …Measure the circumference of the largest part of your calf,and write down the measurement.More items…
How to choose and use compression stockings?
Some people need to use compression sock on just one side of their leg,while some others need to wear on both sides.Timing matters too. …You need at least 2 pairs of socks so you still have something to wear while the other is being washed.More items…
What is the proper way to do a compression test?
Part 2 Part 2 of 3: Performing the TestPut the compression test adapter into the engine’s first cylinder. Look down on the engine to figure out which cylinder is closest to the front of the engine.Connect the compression gauge to the opposite end of the hose. …Crank the engine at least 4 times to complete the test. …Move the compression gauge to repeat the test on the other cylinders. …
How to tighten a retainer nut?
To ensure that the fitting is properly seated, what I like to do is tighten it ever so slightly, then hit the back of the fitting to ensure it’s seated properly, as opposed to hitting it without tightening it, it would bounce back and not seat properly. Once that’s done, go ahead and start tightening it. Your cue for knowing when they are tight enough is when you start to hear a squeaking noise as you are tightening, this is caused by the rotational friction between all the parts inside.
How many wrenches do I need to install a retainer?
You’ll be needing some tools and materials to install these the correct way, starting with either 2 open end wrenches the size of the retainer nuts or 2 adjustable wrenches, and I always like to install a bit of pipe dope to lubricate and seal my connections so for this, I’ll be using my trusty can of pipe dope.
Why are compression fittings so popular?
Compression fittings are ingenious because you can use them in places where welding isn’t an option.
What is a single ferrule?
Most basic compression fittings contain a single ferrule. Single ferrule designs minimize the total number of components, and work reliably when fabricated from softer materials (plastic or brass for example). With harder materials like steel however, torque is often transferred from the compression nut to the ferrule as the nut is tightened.
What is the importance of the shape of the ferrule and the mating angle of the fitting body?
The shape of both the ferrule and the mating angle of the fitting body are critical factors in the reliability of a compression seal. Both components must be tapered in a manner that allows the ferrule to compress properly as the nut is tightened, while maintaining axial alignment with the tubing.
What are the factors that determine the success of compression fittings?
Chief among these are fitting and ferrule design, tubing selection, and installation procedure.
How does metal tubing affect compression?
The way in which metal tubing is produced can have a significant effect on its performance with compression fittings. Tubing should be smooth and free of roughness or extrusion lines that can create a leak path past the ferrule. Furthermore, tubing that has been stored in coils can often have an asymetrical diameter, preventing even compression. While an elastomeric seal can deform to match these slight variations, the metal-to-metal seal of a compression fitting is less forgiving. It is also important that the end of each section be squarely cut, to allow the tubing to sit symmetrically in the fitting body.
Why use softer tubing?
The use of softer tubing (such as polyurethane or vinyl) is not normally recommended with compression style fittings because the tubing wall is likely to collapse, or move away from the ferrule. This negates the holding power of the ferrule, and can also prevent the ferrule from making a leak-tight seal around the full diameter of the tubing. If there is a particular design issue (for example, a tight bend radius) that necessitates softer tubing, it is important to reinforce the tubing wall. Some manufacturers offer tubing inserts for this purpose. The tubing insert, usually made of metal, is pressed into the soft tubing, and supports the tubing wall so that it will not collapse as the ferrule is compressed.
What is an asymmetric ferrule?
An asymmetrical ferrule is cone shaped, and can only be placed into the fitting body in one direction ( usually with the tip of the cone facing into the fitting body). Symmetrical ferrules look like two cones back-to-back, and can be placed into the fitting body in either direction.
What is the radial compression of a ferrule?
It is this radial compression that creates the leak tight seal between the fitting, ferrule, and tubing, and gives the compression fitting its name. …
What material is used for compression fittings?
The most common material for a compression fitting is brass, but you must make sure to buy lead-free brass fittings because it’s illegal to use any fitting with lead content in the U.S. They are also commonly made from plastic and stainless steel.
How to make a watertight seal on a tubing?
To create this seal, you must: Slide the nut onto your tubing. Slide the sleeve up to the nut on its threaded side. Put the tubing into the connector on the fitting body, and pull the nut, and then the sleeve, down so that the threads on the nut meet the threads on the fitting body.
How to tell if compression fitting is leaking?
If a compression fitting is leaking, you should determine where the leak is coming from. Usually, if you have a sound connection, you’ve put the fitting together properly, and you’ve wrenched down to where it’s good and tight, the fitting is not likely to leak.
Why does plastic tubing leak?
Plastic fittings might be more prone to start leaking once they’ve been installed, but again, usually that’s because something has happened externally to alter or stress the component.
How to stop a leak with a fitting?
The best way to stop a leak with this type of fitting is to turn the water off.
What type of threads are used in flex lines?
These types of flex lines often will use compression type threads to hook up to a coffee brewer, for example. Some have a faucet connection on one side and then the angle-stop connection, which is your compression thread, on the other.
What is a compression fitting?
Compression fittings are the old-school version of the quick-connect fitting. While these fittings may require more work upon installation, they still provide strong, tight, and reliable seals for any of your water treatment configurations. John, our Master Water Specialist, offers his knowledge on compression fittings
How to check if a compression fitting is leaking?
Check the compression fitting for leaks after you’ve completed all of the other plumbing connections and turned on the water supply to the pipe. If the compression fitting leaks, use both wrenches to tighten the compression nut gently until the leak stops.
How to install a compression fitting on a pipe?
Slip the compression nut from the compression fitting onto the pipe, then slip on the compression ring. Slide both pieces down so they are 1 inch or so from the end of the pipe. Fit the compression fitting onto the pipe (or fit the pipe into the fitting, as applicable) until the pipe stops inside the fitting.
How to cut a pipe?
Cut the end of the pipe, if necessary, using a tubing cutter. Open the jaws of the tubing cutter and fit it onto the pipe so the pipe rests squarely against the two flat rollers of the cutter. Tighten the cutter so the cutting wheel is snug against the pipe.
What is compression fitting?
A compression fitting is not a specific plumbing part but rather a type of fastening system for valves, water supply tubes and other plumbing fittings. The valve (or other part) has a port where the pipe slips in, and the port has male threads on the outside. Before you fit the parts together, you slide a compression nut …
How to seal a pipe with a nut?
Once the pipe and fitting are together, you slide the ring against the fitting, then thread the nut onto the fitting. The nut compresses the ring between itself and the fitting, and the tapered edges of the ring are wedged tight inside the fitting and the nut, creating a watertight seal.
How to tighten compression nut?
Slide the nut over the ring and thread it onto the fitting until it is hand-tight. Be careful not to cross-thread the nut. Fit one wrench onto the body of the fitting and hold it so that the fitting doesn’t move. Use another wrench to tighten the compression nut about one-half to three-quarters of a turn.
What to do if you can’t get a leak to stop?
If you can’t get a leak to stop, you may have cross-threaded the compression nut, or the compression ring may not be seated properly against the fitting. Remove the nut and check the ring, then reinstall the nut. If the fitting or nut threads are damaged, replace the fitting. Advertisement. Philip Schmidt.
How to stop leaks in brass pipe?
Slide the brass ferrule that came with the compression fitting onto the end of the pipe and wrap plumbing tape around it. The tape prevents leaks by compensating for the different expansion rates of brass and plastic.
How to install brass compression valve on CPVC?
Install a brass compression valve on CPVC pipe in almost the same way you would install it on copper pipe. Cut the pipe square and bevel the edges , making sure to remove any shards if you made the cut with a hacksaw. Slide the compression nut onto the pipe with the threads facing out.
How to stop plastic compression fitting from leaking?
Tighten the compression nut by hand. It is designed to seal without the need for a wrench. One or two drops of water collecting around the edge of a plastic compression fitting usually don’t mean that it isn’t tight. Such small leaks usually stop in a day or two. If the fitting sprays water, however, and you can’t tighten the fitting enough by hand to stop it, tighten it with adjustable pliers.
How to cut CPVC pipe?
Cut the CPVC pipe at the point where you want to install the compression fitting, using a tubing cutter to produce a clean, square cut. Bevel the edges of the pipe with a file. Make the cut with a hacksaw as an alternative. If you use a hacksaw, be rigorous about preparing the edges. Besides being beveled, they should be completely free of plastic shards. You can also cut CPVC pipe with a chop saw.
How to tighten compression nut?
Tighten the compression nut by hand. It is designed to seal without the need for a wrench. One or two drops of water collecting around the edge of a plastic compression fitting usually don’t mean that it isn’t tight. Such small leaks usually stop in a day or two. If the fitting sprays water, however, and you can’t tighten …
How long does it take for water to stop coming out of compression fitting?
Such small leaks usually stop in a day or two. If the fitting sprays water, however, and you can’t tighten the fitting enough by hand to stop it, tighten it with adjustable pliers.
Can you join CPVC pipes with plastic?
CPVC pipes are readily joined with plastic fittings and glue, but when that isn’t practical, you can join them with plastic compression fittings. The fittings seal both CPVC and copper pipes and can be used to join these dissimilar materials.
How many ferrules are in compression fittings?
In most, basic compression fittings, you’ll find just one ferrule. In softer fabrications, this keeps things simple with fewer components. When you move up to a stainless steel tube fitting, you’ll find that torque is transferred to the ferrule as you tighten the screw. Over time, that rotation can make the ferrule shift, produce galling, …
What is ferrule in stainless steel?
They can also hold up without relaxing while under compressive loads. With metal-to-metal seals, leaks can be expected, but ferrules are designed to create an ideal connection when joined with the fitting and tubing.
How does compression fitting work?
This is also key to how compression fitting gets its name: with the tubing attached into the fitting and the screw or nut tightened, the ferrule is moved into the fitting body, and the angled body shape compresses the end of the ferrule onto the exterior part of the tubing, creating a leak-resistant seal.
What are the elements of a stainless steel tubing fitting?
Stainless steel tubing fittings can differ a bit in design, depending on who builds them, but you can generally point to three consistent elements: a compression fitting body, a compression screw (or nut), and at least one ferrule. This is also key to how compression fitting gets its name: with the tubing attached into the fitting and …
How to tighten a compression fitting?
Usually, you tighten a compression fitting using the nut rotation instead of torque as your key metric. Those nuts are threaded, and that means your number of rotations correlates to the ferrule’s linear compression (based on the pitch of the thread). With torque, you can be all over the place, depending on factors like fitting and material, lubrication, and degree of galling.
Why are compression fittings so popular?
Compression fittings are popular because they’re easy to assembly and then disassemble. You just loosen the compression nut or screw, and you’re on your way. Likewise, re-assembly is just like the first time (don’t lose those instructions!), albeit with fewer nut turns to get to your optimal position.
Why is soft tubing not good for ferrules?
Soft tubing is usually avoided due to potential tubing wall collapse or separation from the ferrule. As you might imagine, this wouldn’t be good for the ferrule’s holding power, and could also keep you from achieving a leak-proof seal.
How to tighten a compression nut on an ice maker?
Hold the compression body with one adjustable wrench and securely tighten the supply line compression nut with another wrench. Tighten the compression nut on the ice maker line in the same manner.
How to connect ice maker line to ice maker?
Insert the supply line fully into one side of the compression body and the ice maker line fully into the other side. Slide the compression nuts down against the ferrules and thread them onto the compression body on both sides.
What is the compression body on an ice maker?
In this case, the threaded fitting on the valve serves as the compression body. Use the compression nut, ferrule and tube stiffener supplied with the ice maker to attach the supply line to the valve.
How to install a ferrule on an ice maker?
Slip a compression nut onto the supply side of the water line, followed by a ferrule. Insert one of the small brass tube stiffeners into the end of the line, pressing it in until the flare on the stiffener touches the end of the plastic tubing. Install the other nut, ferrule and tube stiffener onto the plastic line connected to the ice maker water valve.
What is a compression fitting?
The fitting consists of a brass compression body, two brass compression nuts, a set of ring-shaped brass or nylon connectors called ferrules and a pair of small brass inserts that are used to stiffen the plastic tubing. Compression fittings are designed with the amateur plumber in mind and are installed with basic tools.
Who is Steve Hamilton?
His credits include novels under the Dell imprint and for Harlequin Worldwide. A remodeling and repair specialist with over 20 years experience, he is also a Certified Pool Operator and holds an EPA Universal refrigerant certification.