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how fit to be a firefighter

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Physically healthy. Firefighters are usually required to lug around over 75 pounds of equipment while on a call. …Mentally fit. When you’re on a call,you need to make sure that you’re always thinking on your toes and ready for any situation. …Commitment to the field. …

What do you need to do first to become a firefighter?

First,you need toapply for the firefighter exam. Next,you will want to prepare for both the written and physical portions of the exam. Once you have taken and passed both portions of the exam,your name will be placed on the list to be considered for hire.

What do you need to take to become a firefighter?

Some of the personal skills that you will need for this career are:Physical fitnessAbility to lift heavy objectsWork well under pressureDecision-making skillsIntegritySafety management skillsEmotional controlDependabilityGood judgment skillsAbility to multitaskMore items…

What experience to you need to become a firefighter?

While the minimum requirements can vary from one place to the next,the most common are:Must be 18 years or older (sometimes 21)Have your high school diploma or equivalent (GED)Be legally allowed to work in the area you are applyingHave a valid driver’s licenseBe in good physical shape (to pass the CPAT and Fire Academy)Usually,you need your EMT (Emergency Medical Technician Certification)Clean Background (criminal,driving,credit)

How to become a career firefighter?

To qualify for employment as a career firefighter,an individual must:Meet residence requirements,if they exist.Apply for and take an entry-level Civil Service test periodically given by the municipality in question.Successfully pass an agility test and physical.Be reachable on the finalized list once vacancies are being filled.Be selected as a probationary firefighter.More items…

How to become a firefighter?

Step 1: Make Sure You’re Fit to be a Firefighter. Step 2: Meet the Requirements & Take the Tests. Step 3: Prepare for a Firefighting Career: Education Options. Step 4: Become Trained as an EMT. Step 5: Receive Firefighter Training at a Fire Academy. Step 6: Apply to Your Firefighting Dream Jobs. Back TO TOP.

What is the best way to start a firefighting career?

Continue reading to learn more about what’s needed to start a firefighting career, including training requirements and postsecondary education options . Step 2.

What questions should I ask myself before becoming a firefighter?

So, if you think becoming a firefighter might be for you, the first questions you need to ask yourself are, “What kind of firefighter do I want to become?” and “Where do I want to work?” Once you’ve answered these questions, it’s time to take on the following steps.

What is the CPAT test?

The CPAT is the standard test used by most sizable fire departments for determining a candidate’s ability to handle the physical tasks of being a firefighter. To pass the test, candidates must complete eight separate firefighter-related tasks or functions while wearing gloves, a helmet, and a 50 lb. weighted vest.

How long does it take to get a fire science certificate?

The main advantage to earning a fire science certificate is time. A certificate can be earned in several weeks or months depending on the specific program. Certificate programs are available on community college and technical/vocational school campuses throughout the U.S. Online firefighting certificate programs may also be available.

How long is the Fire Academy?

Fire academy programs vary in length, typically lasting from a few weeks to several months and may be offered both full-time and part-time with d and evening options also available. Academy candidates will receive training in a wide range of important firefighter subjects and skills, including: Communications.

How long does it take to pass the CPAT?

All eight tasks must be successfully completed within 10 minutes and 20 seconds. Some departments require applicants to pass the CPAT prior to acceptance into candidacy, while others may require passing the test during or at the end of their fire academy program.

How heavy is a fire hose?

They are typically made of very heavy canvas or synthetic materials, that are hard to damage. They pump hundreds of gallons of water in a matter of minutes and are very difficult to carry and control. Just the hose can weigh up to 80 lbs , and part of the CPAT is being able to drag this hose, in different ways, a total distance of 85 feet.

How much weight do firefighters need to lift?

When all is said and done, a firefighter will need to be able to lift, conservatively 200 lbs at a time in various forms.

What is required to pass a CPAT?

One of the 8 events that will be required for you to pass the CPAT is the equipment carry. This event has very specific parameters and failing to adhere to them will result in failure. The CPAT events are pass or fail and you have to do them perfectly.

What is the gold standard for firefighters?

This test is what is considered the gold standard for firefighters. It is the most common and well known physical ability test among firefighters in the US . If you only find time to prepare, specifically, for one test, this one would be a good bet.

What is required to be a firefighter?

Many people have a desire to become a firefighter, but can be intimidated by the requirements, education, and tests that they would have to go through. For a career that is as important as firefighting, a high level of physical fitness is required. The fitness requirements for firefighters include all the tasks necessary to pass …

How heavy is a firefighter’s ladder?

These ladders can be heavy, usually about 50- 80 pounds. This will be part of the fitness test and you need to be prepared for any ladder your department has.

What is a sledgehammer event?

This event simulates breaking into a door or other access point when it can’t be simply opened. The candidate has to be in control of their equipment and themselves and that is precisely what this event tests. For this event, you must be able to wield a 10 lb sledgehammer to breach a building with blocked entrances.

What is the physical ability test for firefighter?

Becoming a firefighter requires passing a physical ability test. The CPAT events are stair climb, hose drag, equipment carry, ladder raise and extension, forcible entry, search, rescue, ceiling breach and pull. Prepare yourself for the physical nature of the job as well as the demands of the test.

What are the requirements to become a firefighter?

Jan 22, 2021. Becoming a firefighter is no easy task. It requires hard work, long hours of training, dedication and a sincere desire to help others.

How competitive is firefighting?

It requires hard work, long hours of training, dedication and a sincere desire to help others. The firefighting career field is very competitive, too. You’ll be up against hundreds, possibly thousands of applicants depending on the department.

What is the written exam?

Study, study, study. And, when in doubt, study some more. The written exam consists of multiple-choice questions and is divided into categories. Check out these test-taking basics to give yourself the best chance at passing with flying colors.

What does submitting this form mean?

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What to do if you are asked about your driving record?

If you are asked about your past record during an interview, do not lie. Instead, take ownership for your mistakes. Explain to the hiring panel how you’ve changed and what you’ve done to change. Also, be up front about your driving record – include dates, locations and outcomes of tickets and accidents. 5.

How old do you have to be to be a firefighter?

Meet basic requirements to become a firefighter. In order to become a firefighter, you will need a valid driver’s license and meet the age requirement of 18 years old. For those younger than 18, you can look into limited involvement as a junior firefighter. There also will likely be a maximum age, usually between 28 and 35 years old, …

What is the physical ability test for firefighters?

This test will help show how physically capable you are of doing the rigorous activities that a Firefighter must face. Typically, fire stations require aspiring Firefighters to take the Candidate Physical Ability Test. This test is broken up into several parts. First, you will need to climb several flights of stairs.

How much do firefighters make?

Most Firefighters make around $54,000 a year . However, when you are just starting out in the career, you can expect to make less. New Firefighters make around $35,000 a year. It’s possible to make up to $100,000 as a Firefighter with experience and education.

What do firefighters do?

However, Firefighters do much more than just fight fires, they also find and rescue victims, help in emergency situations, treat sick people, help with chemical spills, and teach citizens about fire safety. Some Firefighters can be found teaching classes to youth, new Firefighters, and communities as well.

Why are firefighters important?

Firefighters are an important part of our society; they help keep us safe and are always there when there is an emergency.

How long does it take to become a firefighter?

Often times, going to Fire Academy is enough to become a Firefighter. This can take several weeks or up to a couple of months to complete. In Fire Academy, you will focus on classroom work as well as hands-on skills.

How old do you have to be to be a firefighter?

In order to work as a Firefighter, you need to have at least a High School diploma and be 18 years old. As competition intensifies, some Firefighters are earning an Associates or Bachelor’s degree in fire science. This can take from 2-4 years, depending on which type of degree you decide to get.

What is the bravest hero?

The Definitive Guide. Firefighters are the bravest heroes, the type of people that will risk their lives to save others. You can find Firefighters running into burning buildings, rescuing people from accidents, and many other lifesaving activities. If you are the type of person who always puts others first, then you may be just the type …

How many hours does it take to become a firefighter?

Fire Administration guidelines. The National Fire Protection Association also offers a 110-hour certification course.

What is the psychological exam for firefighter?

A psychological exam will cover personality traits specific to performance as a firefighter. Your oral interview typically covers short-term and lifetime career goals, your vision as a life in firefighting and why you’re choosing that specific agency or department.

What do you need to know about firefighting?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), you’ll be expected to know or be willing to learn how to: 1 Suppress and extinguish fires with hoses, pumps and additional apparatus. 2 Evacuate fire structures and treat victims 3 Drive and operate emergency vehicles and pump engines 4 Maintain firefighting equipment 5 Participate in public education

What is the difference between a physical exam and a psychological exam?

A physical exam will cover your hearing, eyesight, blood pressure, blood and urine. A psychological exam will cover personality traits specific to performance as a firefighter.

What do you need to know about fire suppression?

Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), you’ll be expected to know or be willing to learn how to: Suppress and extinguish fires with hoses, pumps and additional apparatus. Evacuate fire structures and treat victims. Drive and operate emergency vehicles and pump engines. Maintain firefighting equipment.

What is the process of hiring?

Your hiring process will typically include a written examination, oral interview, background investigation, drug screening and physical aptitude/agility exam. You’ll be asked to provide an extensive job history, academic record, credit history, and a list of personal references.

Where do firefighters work?

Remember, firefighters not only work for local departments, they take jobs with wilderness firefighting agencies, state fire organizations, with the construction trades, fire-equipment manufacturers and suppliers.


A good general overall level of fitness is required to undertake firefighter training and good fitness levels cannot be acquired overnight. You should only undertake this programme if you already have a basic general level of aerobic fitness.


You can easily determine your current level of aerobic fitness by performing your best effort 1.5mile (2413m) run. You should only plan to take on the recruit training programme if you can run 1.5 miles in approximately 12-14 minutes or reach levels 5 to 7 on the Multi-Stage Shuttle Run Test.


This translates into being able to carry out firefighting activities successfully and without undue fatigue. The key fitness components are:

What are the physical abilities of a firefighter?

In Massachusetts, the Firefighter Physical Ability Test includes simulations of activities that would be performed on the job. The activities are designed to assess cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility. During the actual test, firefighters wear a weighted vest designed to approximate the weight of clothing, gear and breathing apparatus that a firefighters wears on duty. The seven test activities include the following: 1 Stair climb: 200 seconds (3.3 minutes) at a pre-determined pace 2 Ladder event: simulate ladder activities (lifting, carrying) in 35.56 seconds 3 Hose advance: manipulate fully-charged 50 pound firehose through U-shaped course in 20 seconds 4 Forcible entry: use a 12-pound sledge hammer to simulate the force necessary to break down a door in 13.91 seconds or less 5 Search: crawl through a 65-foot dark wooden tunnel that has obstacles and turns in 39 seconds or less 6 Rescue through a doorway: drag a 125-pound dummy approximately 50 feet along a zigzag course 7 Ceiling hook (pike pole): simulate the teardown of a ceiling with a push-pull sequence that uses weights

How much do firefighters make in 2021?

According to the employment website PayScale, firefighters earned an average of ? $48,971 ? per year as of 2021. Various factors can affect pay; PayScale reported that salaries typically ranged from ? $32,000 ? to ? $85,000 ?. Experience matters, as reflected in these average numbers:

What are the mental health issues that firefighters face?

Problems such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, addiction and burnout are some of the ways that stress can manifest in first responders, including firefighters.

What do firefighters do?

Firefighters protect citizens and property during emergencies. In responding to alarms, they use their specialized knowledge and equipment to perform rescues and minimize fire damage.

What is the fire department’s job growth rate?

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) tracks data and makes projections for almost all civilian occupations. The BLS forecasts a 6 percent job growth rate for firefighters through 2029, a rate considered faster than average compared with other jobs.

What is the National Volunteer Fire Council?

The National Volunteer Fire Council (NVFC) has a list of resources on its website , including resources from the trademarked "Share the Load" program and the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. As the NVFC emphasizes, taking care of one’s mental health is just as important as taking care of physical health.

How to build muscle for firefighter?

Perform strength-training exercises two to three times per week to help build muscle. Building your strength helps prepare you for firefighter tasks, such as lifting heavy ladders, controlling fire hoses and carrying people out of burning buildings. Activities that build strength include lifting weights, and doing leg presses, squats, pushups, pullups and situps. Do your strength-training exercises in repetitions. For instance, start off doing five repetitions of 10 and gradually work your way up to 10 repetitions of 10.

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